West africa mediteranean trade 600 1450 ccot

Questions of Periodization Nature and causes of changes The fall of classical empires led to decentralization of government in China and in Europe leading up to the period of C. The collapse of the Han dynasty in China opened the door to the spread and appeal of Buddhism into China, since the Confucian authority was no longer centralized.

West africa mediteranean trade 600 1450 ccot

West africa mediteranean trade 600 1450 ccot

Every geographic reference for this unit appears on this map. Religions and belief systems provided a bond among the people and an ethical code to live by. These shared beliefs also influenced and reinforced political, economic, and occupational stratification. Religious and political authority often merged as rulers some of whom were considered divine used religion, along with military and legal structures, to justify their rule and ensure its continuation.

Religions and belief systems could also generate conflict, partly because beliefs and practices varied greatly within and among societies. Codifications and further developments of existing religious traditions provided a bond among people and an ethical code to live by A.

The Assyrian, Babylonian, and Roman empires conquered various Jewish states at different points in time. In South Asia, Hinduism established a spiritual and social caste system that created a long-term foundation for the civilizations there.

Hindu beliefs were influenced by concepts from the Vedic religions brought in by Indo-European groups and local traditions. For centuries, beliefs were passed on through oral traditions, but later they were recorded in sacred texts in Sanskritincluding the Vedas and Upanishads.

To the westerners, Hinduism appears to be both polytheistic and monotheistic. Unlike christianity or buddhism, there is no single founder of Hinduism. The caste system was an important part of the culture of India at this time. All living things participated in the caste system.

The process could take many hundreds or thousands of lifetimes. A soul may move up and down the ladder toward unity with Brahman depending on one's deeds and sincerity towards faith during a lifetime. The law Karma taught that one's social position in this life was a sign of good or bad deeds performed in a previous life.

There were five major levels of human castes; one moved into higher caste because one had demonstrated good karma in a previous life; if a person was born into a lower caste the lowest being the untouchables, that soul had channeled bad karma through selfish deeds.

Throughout the centuries the strongest social glue in South Asia was Hinduism. Empires came and went, invaders swept through the region, and other religions has some influence on the culture, but the casrte system and the elaborate Hindu traditions remained firm. Began in South Asia around B.

Maintained Hinduism's belief in reincarnation but taught that, spirituality, there was no caste system. Male and female, rich and poor shared the same ability to reach nirvana, the state of perfect oneness with the great spirit of the universe.

The Buddha maintained that the point to life and to achieving nirvana was to bring about the end of suffering Four Noble Truths taught: Buddhism changed over time as it spread throughout Asia- first through the support of the Mauryan Emperor Ashokaand then through the efforts of missionaries and merchants, and the establishment of educational institutions to promote core teachings.

Buddha and Ashoka Crash Course Video 2. Began in southwest Asiaduring the first century CE.

- A.P. World History Notes

Christianity was introduced by to the Hebrews in Roman-controlled Palestine byJesus, who preached salvation through faith in him as the Son of God. Jesus's teachings were recorded in the Gospels and developed in other writings, particularly by his disciple, Paul.

Both Buddhism and Christianity gained more followers outside their place of origin. As the Roman Empire began to fall in the West, Christianity became a more prominent religion as the focus on ever-faithful God and never ending heavenly reward was more comforting to increasing number of people.

Today it remains a dominant religion in Europe.It connected Southeast Asia and China to Africa, the Middle East, and South Asia. It was a major conveyor of Buddhism from S. Asia into East and Southeast Asia, and in the next era c.

c. , Muslim merchants and missionaries spread their faith across the Indian Ocean into the same regions. Its trade depended on ocean currents and wind. Ruled east to west Africa and Iberia Charles Martel (Frankish leader) hindered expansion In A.D. In A.D.

Mongols: BCE- BCE Gender System in Civilizations Through Islam Under Allah's judgement, women and men were equal, but Islamic ideals reinforced male dominance Gained control of trade on the Mediterranean. Home > High School > AP World History > Notes > Expansion of Trade and Exchanges: c.

CE - c. Expansion of Trade and Exchanges: c. CE - c. West Africa traded with other parts of the Muslim world in a trans-Saharan network;. Home > High School > AP World History > Notes > Expansion of Trade and Exchanges: c.

Organization AND Reorganization of Human Societies

CE - c. Expansion of Trade and Exchanges: c. CE - c. West Africa traded with other parts of the Muslim world in a trans-Saharan network;. Home > High School > AP World History > Notes > Expansion of Trade and Exchanges: c.

CE - c. Expansion of Trade and Exchanges: c. CE - c. West Africa traded with other parts of the Muslim world in a trans-Saharan network;.

Ruled east to west Africa and Iberia Charles Martel (Frankish leader) hindered expansion In A.D. In A.D. Mongols: BCE- BCE Gender System in Civilizations Through Islam Under Allah's judgement, women and men were equal, but Islamic ideals reinforced male dominance Gained control of trade on the Mediterranean.

Expansion of Trade and Exchanges: c. CE - c.