Food Security The population of East Africa is estimated to around million and growing at an average of 2. This relatively high growth rate coupled with increasing urbanization is straining the available resources for productive agriculture and especially resources to meet the aggregate food requirements at the household level. Households need to be enabled […] Infrastructure The East African region is faced with significant infrastructure challenges which create supply side problems to trade in the region. The poor road and rail networks create significant operational problems to the movement of people and goods while congested and inefficient regional ports unnecessarily make East Africa an expensive destination for doing business.
However, they were infrequently used, and some governments preferred to protect their industries by "grey area" measures "voluntary" export restraint arrangements on products such as cars, steel and semiconductors.
As part of the WTO deal, members gave up the "grey area" measures and adopted a specific WTO Safeguards Agreement  to discipline the use of safeguard measures. Safeguards are usually seen as responses to economic development and trade processes that align with international lawas opposed to negative practices, such as dumping or subsidies.
In the context of world trade, they are supposed to be used only in very specific circumstances, with compensation, and on a universal basis.
For example, a member restricting imports for safeguard purposes would have to restrict imports from all other countries. However, exceptions to the nondiscriminatory rule are provided for in the Agreement on Safeguards itself as well as in some ad hoc agreements.
In the last respect, it is worthwhile to note that the People's Republic of China accepted that discriminatory safeguards may be imposed on its exports to other WTO members until Regional trading arrangements have their own rules relating to safeguards.The Early Childhood Development Center opened in and by June , when Father Sillers addressed the first graduating class, students were enrolled in preschool through grade St.
Margaret's welcomed its second headmaster, Markham B. Campaigne, in September 1. Introduction. Small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) potentially constitute the most dynamic firms in emerging economies (Pissarides, ).The empirical evidence from around the globe shows that the ubiquity of SMEs has grabbed the world's attention.
International Journal of Management and Enterprise Development from Inderscience Publishers presents current practice and research in the area of management and. Our approach. Enterprise development is the catalyst to broad socio-economic transformation and leads to the development of commercially sustainable SMEs.
A subject-matter expert (SME) or domain expert is a person who is an authority in a particular area or topic. The term domain expert is frequently used in expert systems software development, and there the term always refers to the domain other than the software domain.
A domain expert is a person with special knowledge or skills in a particular area of endeavour (e.g. an accountant is an.
PROMOTING SMEs FOR DEVELOPMENT ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT. ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT Pursuant to Article 1 of the Convention signed in Paris on 14th December , and which came into force on.