Research on narrowing the wealth gap

The brands are attracted by the increase in international arrivals which have grown by 6. The hotel, which first opened inhas keys and is the latest among several local hotels which have embarked on refurbishment and expansion, with the other local hotels being; Ole Sereni, which is increasing its room capacity with an additional keys, Nairobi Serena Hotel, which is undergoing refurbishment and expansion that will see its room inventory increase from to keys, and Sarova Whitesands Beach Hotel, Mombasa, which has successfully been refurbished and has a total of hotel rooms.

Research on narrowing the wealth gap

Download PDF Gender parity and human capital The development and deployment of human capital is a critical element of economic growth and social inclusion in all countries.

The results show how countries have and have not prioritized gender equality in their quest for optimizing human capital. In the top right are economies that have both high human capital and low gender gaps, indicating an even spread of opportunities.

Join Al Jazeera's social media community

In the top left are countries that have high human capital and large gender gaps. There are few countries in this space—countries cannot have very high human capital if their gender gaps are large because women are one half of the population.

Research on narrowing the wealth gap

In the bottom right are countries where the human capital is low but the gender gaps are small, indicating an even spread of opportunities, even if those opportunities are limited overall.

It also looks at the key outcomes and contextual factors within economic participation of women and men, examining both paid and unpaid work, and the impact of care and demographics.

Educational Attainment Despite some regional variation, globally today, young women and men entering the labour force have almost identical levels of educational qualifications.

Seen another way, in 62 countries primary education gaps have been closed, in 90 countries secondary education gaps have been closed, and in 95 countries tertiary education gaps have been closed.

Among women and men over age 25 and already in the workforce, the educational gender gap with regard to level of qualifications held is larger.

Research on narrowing the wealth gap

However, these gaps have narrowed significantly in current educational enrolment, which will be reflected in the composition of the future workforce. For example, since the rate of enrolment in tertiary education of young women currently surpasses that of young men, each year, an extra 4 million young women graduates are beginning to reverse the tertiary education gap of the previous generation at the global level.

The list of countries underperforming on this subindex is dominated by those from lower-income groups, indicating specific barriers to evenly educating their populations.

Still, some low-income countries outperform their more affluent peers. India, Pakistan, Ethiopia and Saudi Arabia are among those countries showing strong gains in the 11 years sincewith varying starting points. The outliers are countries such as Nigeria and Angola which continue to have relatively wide education gender gaps, and have hardly improved for more than a decade.

North America has completely closed its education gender gap. If all things remain equal, Latin America and the Caribbean as well as South Asia are expected to close their education gender gaps in the next five years.

Ten years from now, the Middle East and North Africa region should see its education gender gap narrow to a close. East Asia and the Pacific and Sub-Saharan Africa will close their education gender gaps in 21 and 33 years respectively, while Eastern Europe and Central Asia boast a much slower rate of change, projecting the time of education parity to be 87 years.

The real concern remains Western Europe, which despite its high performance has seen decline rather than improvement over the past 11 years. Women work three times as often as men as contributing family workers in family enterprises, and are almost twice more likely to work part-time.

Education gains have not always translated into economic gains for women. Even though there is near gender parity in employment for professional and technical workers, reflecting in part the equal education and skills levels among women and men with tertiary education, women hold less than a third of senior roles.

Iceland, Norway, France, Latvia and Finland. There also continues to be a persistent wage gap in paid work. Countries that perform well in this dimension of gender parity span all regional and income groups.

Slovenia, Norway and Sweden are some of the most gender-equal economies among high-income countries. Botswana and Thailand exhibit the highest income parity among upper-middle income countries.

Vietnam, Lao PDR and Ghana have narrowed their income gender gaps the most among the lower-middle income country group. Exacerbating economic gender gaps is the degree to which women remain at a disadvantage in the ability to accumulate, inherit and manage wealth.

A number of economies have shown strong improvement; among them, Cameroon, Benin, Guatemala, Nicaragua and Saudi Arabia. No country has yet reached parity on the Economic Participation and Opportunity subindex. Mirroring gains on the Educational Attainment subindex, to date 68 countries out of the covered by the Index this year have achieved gender parity in skilled roles, i.

A number of countries have also achieved the more elusive goal of reaching gender parity in senior roles, namely Barbados, Columbia, Jamaica and the Philippines.

With the current rates of change across world regions, the closing of the economic gender gap ranges from only 47 to years. The fastest-closing economic gap is in Western Europe, taking 47 years, closely followed by Sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean, which both can expect an approximate year wait for economic gender parity.

Slower rates of change are predicted for Eastern Europe and Central Asia at 93 years, as well as East Asia and the Pacific at years. The economic gender gap rates of change that are most concerning remain those in the Middle East and North Africa as well as South Asia, with predictions of and years, respectively.

Unpaid Work and Care In many societies, even as women have entered the labour force, they have also retained primary responsibility for unpaid work such as caregiving and household chores. Gender gaps in paid work thus reflect gender gaps in unpaid work, at least in part. However, the sum total of the time spent by women on work—both paid and unpaid—is higher than for men.Type or paste a DOI name into the text box.

Click Go. Your browser will take you to a Web page (URL) associated with that DOI name. Send questions or comments to doi. Oct 30,  · Watch video · A narrow majority -- 51% according to a Pew Research Center survey from June That number is up compared to previous surveys, and that's good news.

7 ways to narrow the rich-poor gap. Oct 18,  · The Investing in Innovation (i3) Fund is a tiered-evidence program that aligns the amount of funding awarded to grantees with the strength of the .

Feb 23,  · Q. Is anything being done to narrow the wealth gap? A. President Obama has made the issue a priority and wants the government to act to reduce the disparities. Overview. Today, many Americans rely on savings in (k)-type accounts to supplement Social Security in retirement.

This is a pronounced shift from a few decades ago, when many retirees could count on predictable, constant streams of income from traditional pensions (see “Types of .

On Views of Race and Inequality, Blacks and Whites Are Worlds Apart 1. Demographic trends and economic well-being.

In many ways, America remains two societies – one black and one white – as measured by key demographic indicators of social and economic well-being.

Institute on Assets and Social Policy