Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers. In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elementsand information about the source is kept to the basics.
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MLA Modern Language Association style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook 8th ed. All entries in the Works Cited page must correspond to the works cited in your main text.
Basic rules Begin your Works Cited page on a separate page at the end of your research paper. It should have the same one-inch margins and last name, page number header as the rest of your paper. Label the page Works Cited do not italicize the words Works Cited or put them in quotation marks and center the words Works Cited at the top of the page.
Double space all citations, but do not skip spaces between entries.
Indent the second and subsequent lines of citations by 0. List page numbers of sources efficiently, when needed. If you refer to a journal article that appeared on pages throughlist the page numbers on your Works Cited page as Note that MLA style uses a hyphen in a span of pages.
If you're citing an article or a publication that was originally issued in print form but that you retrieved from an online database, you should type the online database name in italics.
You do not need to provide subscription information in addition to the database name. For online sources, you should include a location to show readers where you found the source. Many scholarly databases use a DOI digital object identifier.
All works cited entries end with a period. Capitalization and punctuation Capitalize each word in the titles of articles, books, etc, but do not capitalize articles the, anprepositions, or conjunctions unless one is the first word of the title or subtitle: Use italics instead of underlining for titles of larger works books, magazines and quotation marks for titles of shorter works poems, articles Listing author names Entries are listed alphabetically by the author's last name or, for entire edited collections, editor names.
Author names are written last name first; middle names or middle initials follow the first name: Burke, Kenneth Levy, David M. Wallace, David Foster Do not list titles Dr.
Martin Luther King, Jr.
More than one work by an author If you have cited more than one work by a particular author, order the entries alphabetically by title, and use three hyphens in place of the author's name for every entry after the first: A Grammar of Motives. A Rhetoric of Motives.
The Education of an E-Designer. Heller, Steven, and Karen Pomeroy. Work with no known author Alphabetize works with no known author by their title; use a shortened version of the title in the parenthetical citations in your paper.Students’ Personal Writing Style.
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How to Write an Abstract for a Research Paper Writing an MLA Abstract Next Lesson. How to Write an Abstract for a Presentation; How to Write a Scientific Abstract.
The abstract may be very brief, but it is so important that the official APA style manual identifies it as the most important paragraph in your entire paper. It may not take a lot of time to write, but careful attention to detail can ensure that your abstract does a good job representing the contents of your paper.
Expert Academic Writing Help Writing an Interesting Biographical Narrative Essay. In the world of essay writing, there are four different types: persuasive, descriptive, expository, and narrative.
Learn how to write for science fair abstract projects. This will be a great asset for you because in those limited words – approximately words in all – you will be able to let your reader know what to expect in the upcoming pages.
Included are examples and a working sample to help you get started. Knowing the proper etiquettes on how to write an abstract in APA style is an absolute must Knowing how to write an abstract in MLA style would be more pertinent if someone was researching a topic falling under the precinct of humanities.
Basic Rules for APA Style and Format.