Site of former abortion clinic, major protests, to be demolished By Robin Huebner on Apr 29, at 9:
Abortion and Black Women: A Brief History by Loretta J. Ross 8 months ago Abortion matters significantly for most feminist projects. It is providential that I kept my child rather than giving him up for adoption, because I was permanently sterilized by the Dalton Shield IUD at age Robins, the maker of the shield.
This makes abortion a tool of bodily and political self-determination. Ross gives a history of abortion from the s to to further this point. Abortion in the s Black women slaves used birth control and abortion to resist enslavement, sometimes resorting to infanticide out of desperation.
Africans that first arrived at the colonies brought along with them folk knowledge of abortion, passed on from societies in ancient times through the practice of midwifery. For example, in rural areas, some women would take alum water whereas women in urban areas relied on a concoction History of abortion petroleum jelly and quinine.
Contrary to popular belief, then, abortion among Black women did not result from tools of domination. Birth Control and Abortion: However, Ross challenges this assumption too: Black women saw themselves as builders and nurturers of the race and nation at large rather than breeders or matriarchs.
Contraception thus helped them manage their newfound status as free women. Other organizations including the Black press promoted family planning and also reported mortality rates due to illegal abortions. Eugenics and Genocide Resistance to the use of contraception for Black women comes from several sources.
The Catholic Church, for example, opposed it for religious and political reasons. White conservatives drew feared it would lead to birth control use among white women.
Black nationalist leaders like Marcus Garvey expressed a belief that increasing the population would lead to the continuation of the Black race. As fears of depopulation spread in the Black community, a pronatalist trend began in the 19th century: This trend also built successfully on traditional Black values that conferred adult status on women who became biological mothers, the first significant step toward womanhood P.
This shift in the critical thinking of African-Americans on population and motherhood presaged an inevitable conflict between the right of women to exercise bodily self-determination and the need of the African-American community for political and economic self-determination.
In both schools of thought, wombs were to be the weapon against racism and oppression. Positive methods of eugenicism included tax incentives and education programs while negative methods included sterilization, involuntary confinement, and immigration registration for people considered undesirable.
Eugenics rose in popularity during the Great Depression, turning birth control into a right for privileged women and a duty for the poor. During the twentieth century forced sterilizations happened in at least twenty-seven states. The eugenics movement had an international reach, rooted in the colonialism of the era.
Ultimately, Black women supported birth control but offered a strong critique of eugenicists. Black midwives had continued to pass down their knowledge of abortion from slavery while the medical field increasingly relied on practices executed in hospitals. Indeed a Black woman doctor, Dorothy Brown, became the first state legislator to propose a bill for abortion in the s.
The issues of the eugenics movement had not disappeared, but rather got reframed as Nazism made a public endorsement of the practices unpopular. From this point forward, the U.Abortion is the ending of pregnancy due to removing an embryo or fetus before it can survive outside the uterus.
Advancing maternal age and a woman's history of previous spontaneous abortions are the two leading factors associated with a greater risk of spontaneous abortion. In the United States, abortion laws began to appear in the s, forbidding abortion after the fourth month of pregnancy.
Before that time, abortion was not illegal, though it was often unsafe for the woman whose pregnancy was being terminated. Through the efforts primarily of physicians, the. Jun 23, · Abortion was once simply part of life in the United States. Then, for about years, it was illegal.
How we got there and got to where we are now may surprise you. The year after abortion was legalized in New York State, the maternal-mortality rate there dropped by 45 percent—one reason why legalization can be seen as "a public-health triumph." Abortion as.
After Abortion. Adverse Psychological Reactions – A Fact Sheet. Introduction; A Vast Literature on Post-Abortion Response; A Long History of Concern.
The first references to abortion in English law appeared in the 13th Century. The law followed Church teaching that abortion was acceptable until ‘quickening’, which, it was believed, was when the soul entered the fetus.