I do one article for Wired per year. My most recent published writings are listed herein chronological order. The book is also a bestseller in China, and I spend a lot of time visiting China to speak about the inevitable and to see what the Chinese have planned for our future. Despite two decades of fast moving technology, I would not change much in the book.
The term, however, is neither uncontested nor uncontroversial.
Some scholars criticize the inclusion of what they view as significantly disparate weapons under a single umbrella category or note the inaptitude of the term itself, given that CBRN weapons do not always cause massive devastation or casualties moreover, in some circumstances, the employment of conventional weapons can wreak massive destruction, however defined.
Nevertheless, the term has significance under international law, referring to weapons that are limited or banned due to the unique threat they pose to international peace and security, the particularly abhorrent effects of their employment, or both. These legal prohibitions stem from a confluence of historical developments.
For the United States and other major military powers, the threat posed by WMD—in particular, nuclear weapons—prompted scholars and practitioners in the years after World War II to reevaluate baseline assumptions regarding geopolitics, military strategy, and legal and ethical principles regarding the use of force, sparking fierce debates over the efficacy and role of WMD that continue in the early 21st century.
General Overviews Chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear weapons each pose differing challenges to international peace and security, often leading scholarly publications to focus on one category of WMD and one discrete aspect such as the proliferation of relevant materials of the challenge posed by the weapons and delivery systems Chemical and biological weapons essay this category.
Moreover, the rapid pace of change with regard to the scientific discoveries, technological advancements, or geopolitical developments that provide critical context to studies of WMD can complicate or dissuade efforts to research or publish works attempting to treat WMD as a unified area of inquiry.
Nevertheless, a number of informative and useful reference and overview works exist. Croddy and Wirtz and Garrett and Hart provide encyclopedia-style reference works on WMD that are excellent resources for first-time students or experienced researchers with entries covering the people, historical events, weapons, and weapons systems central to studies of the topic.
Larsen and Smith is a dictionary of terms covering the separate but related areas of arms control and disarmament. More in-depth profiles of national efforts to develop and field WMD, and the international regimes that attempt to prevent WMD proliferation, are provided by Cirincione, et al.
Many WMD studies in the past and in the early 21st century invariably attempt to provide lessons for future efforts to address the persistent policy and strategy challenges posed by these weapons.
Caves and Carus provides a concise, grounded assessment of future WMD developments that suggests a range of international actors will continue to view chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear weapons as potential tools for advancing their interests.
The Future of Weapons of Mass Destruction: Their Nature and Role in National Defense University Press, Nuclear weapons will likely remain important to geopolitics, advancements in biosciences may lower the bar for weaponization by a range of actors, and countering WMD threats—however defined—will remain a top priority for US policymakers.
Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Threats. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Press, It includes chapters on WMD programs across the globe chapters 6—22providing analysis, maps, charts, and other materials regarding weapon and delivery system development.
Weapons of Mass Destruction: It also covers related concepts, individuals, institutions e. Volume 1 focuses on biological and chemical weapons; Volume 2, on nuclear weapons.
Garrett, Benjamin, and John Hart, eds. Historical Dictionary of Arms Control and Disarmament. In addition to the dictionary of terms covering conventional, chemical, biological, and nuclear arms control, it also includes useful sections providing a historical chronology of arms control agreements and a glossary of acronyms from antiballistic missile [ABM] to weapons of mass destruction [WMD].
National Air and Space Intelligence Center. Ballistic and Cruise Missile Threat. Report includes extensive photographs and useful tables and charts providing range and other information on specific systems. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page.
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For more information or to contact an Oxford Sales Representative click here.Chemical and Biological Weapons This Essay Chemical and Biological Weapons and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on pfmlures.com Autor: review • November 1, • Essay • Words (3 Pages) • Views4/4(1).
Apr 16, · Chemical weapons have driven President Trump to change tactics on Syria. Here's why they're so different from other instruments of war. Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear defense (CBRN defense or CBRNE defense) is protective measures taken in situations in which chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear warfare (including terrorism) hazards may be present.
CBRN defense consists of CBRN passive protection, contamination avoidance and CBRN mitigation. A CBRN incident differs from a hazardous material incident in. - Biology and Chemical Warfare Introduction Chemical and Biological Warfare, use of harmful or deadly chemical or biological agents as weapons of war.
These agents can kill many people and are considered weapons of mass destruction. A long-time staple of International Relations courses, this new edition continues the important discussion of nuclear proliferation, while looking at the regions and issues now at .
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