Origins[ edit ] The first use of the term "coach" in connection with an instructor or trainer arose around in Oxford University slang for a tutor who "carried" a student through an exam. The first use of the term in relation to sports came in In this sense, coaching is a form of "meta-profession" that can apply to supporting clients in any human endeavor, ranging from their concerns in health, personal, professional, sport, social, family, political, spiritual dimensions, etc. There may be some overlap between certain types of coaching activities.
Meetings between the supervisor and the student Preliminary meetings Before a student begins researching and writing a thesis, the supervisor and the student should have a detailed discussion of expectations and requirements.
Below are examples of general and specific issues to be discussed during the preliminary meetings with the potential supervisor. As soon as possible, the student should obtain ethics approvals or any other required approvals to conduct research.
Specific topics to be discussed Regular meetings The student and the supervisor should plan to meet regularly whether or not the student has any finished work to show to the supervisor.
If it is a major meeting, the student should draw up and deliver to the supervisor an agenda beforehand. If the meeting is to discuss text that has already been written, the student must send the draft well in advance of the meeting.
After the meeting, and based on this agenda, the student prepares a brief report on what was discussed and decided, and shares this report with the supervisor. It is important to be productive at these major meetings, but it is also crucial to just keep in touch.
Components of a typical agenda Feedback and revision All along during the thesis preparation process, a student will receive feedback and should expect to do revisions. Part of the advancement of knowledge that preparing a thesis fosters involves engaging in dialogue and learning from these discussions, learning how to communicate clearly, and responding appropriately to suggestions for improvement.
Types of supervision Co-supervision A joint management with a teacher in another discipline may be considered if the research project of a student is favoured.
If so, the student, with help if needed from the interim advisor, should investigate the possibilities. Some professors are allowed to supervise graduate students in more than one academic unit.
Cotutelle A doctoral student may prepare a thesis under the joint supervision of a professor at the University of Ottawa and a professor at another university. This student would obtain a degree from both institutions.
Cotutelles Thesis committee In many academic units, a thesis committee is assembled as soon as a student finds a thesis supervisor. Please note that not all academic units have thesis committees, the students must check on the protocol in their own academic unit.
Constitution of the committee How the thesis committee is formed varies from academic unit to academic unit. The thesis supervisor plays the biggest role by approaching colleagues who have the expertise and inviting them to join the committee.
A thesis committee is made up of: The thesis supervisor is usually the chair of the thesis committee. Role of the committee The roles and responsibilities of thesis committees vary, but members of a thesis committee should do the following: Meetings Thesis committees meet according to a schedule set either by the academic unit or by the committee itself.
Meetings usually take place every 6 or 12 months and the student is usually responsible for initiating them.
Useful information Contracts Some supervisors and students have contracts or agreements to formalize the expectations and delineate the responsibilities in the preparation of a thesis. A student should not make assumptions about who will do what in the research and who gets credit for any new discoveries or inventions.
A supervisor should not assume the supervised student is aware of any assumptions the supervisor has or any authorship or credit protocols that may exist in the area of research. Professors who use contracts do so because they have found such agreements are a good tool for helping students achieve their goals and finish their theses.
However, while a written agreement can be very useful, one of the keys to a successful supervisor—student relationship is good communication and mutual trust.
Both sides need to foster and build on that. In this situation, if the student and professor agree that supervision would still be possible, the supervisor would have to keep in touch with the student during the study period.
The supervisor might also be able to arrange for a colleague to supervise the student during the leave period. Or perhaps joint supervision would be a solution. The same goes for the student. The student should discuss this with the thesis supervisor well ahead of time.
In case of illness, the student should let the supervisor know the expected timeline for recovery. If the student is planning to suspend work on the thesis for a term or more, for whatever reason, the student needs to apply for and receive approval for a leave of absence.
Please note that absence has an impact on eligibility for funding. Form - Request for leave of absence PDF Professionalism As a student, the development of professional skills—for example, communicating appropriately in writing and in person, responding promptly to e-mails, coming prepared to meetings, following up after meetings, respecting deadlines, tracking changes to the text so that it is easy for the supervisor to review each draft after revisions—is important in the preparation of the thesis.
Some faculties offer courses in professional skills. Changing supervisors As for changing supervisors partway through a thesis, this is not recommended. Keep in mind that as long as the thesis is logical and the conclusions drawn from the data are valid, the student and the supervisor do not need to be in total agreement on methodology, analysis or interpretation.REVISED 1ST EDITION Making the decision to go solo as a freelance proofreader or copy-editor is a big career step.
This guide covers: business basics – writing a business plan and starting to think about all the elements of your new business. The purpose of presenting this thesis proposal is to get feedback on the work I have produced so far and to discuss the research plan, e.g. is the identified modernizer/modernizee-pattern relevant.
I hope for an open . 3 Learning style Learning can be understood as a process of changing behaviour . Several studies have been developed on learning style of accounting and business.
Coaching is a form of development in which a person called a coach supports a learner or client in achieving a specific personal or professional goal by providing training and guidance. The learner is sometimes called a pfmlures.comonally, coaching may mean an informal relationship between two people, of whom one has more experience and expertise than the other and offers advice and .
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